Prednášky

best smart lock wirecutter

Based on our testing, the best smart lock overall is the August Wi-Fi Smart Lock. Our goal was to find a lock that offered the best balance of convenience, security, and useful smarts while requiring as little technical complexity, ongoing management, or troubleshooting as possible. At $140, the Yale is on the upper middle end of the price range. Fortunately, even limiting our search to models priced reasonably (under $200, approximately), we had multiple options from three established companies: Yale, Kwikset, and Schlage. Wyze turns on a few optional features by default that you should be aware of. In addition, you have the convenience of creating individual codes for guests or family members and customizing when they are active, from always-on to recurring times or a set window—a great option if you have a housekeeper, a pool maintenance person, a babysitter, and so on. August Smart Lock Pro (3rd Gen) + Connect Hub - Zwave, HomeKit & Alexa Compatible - Silver. The BE365 has a keyway, so there is a traditional backup if the battery dies (or the key can just be used like a normal lock). Here are the criteria: Security grade of 2 or higher: As a basic requirement, all of the locks we considered had an American National Standards Institute (ANSI) security grade of either 1 (the highest) or 2 (out of a possible 3). The included Connect adapter plugs into an electrical outlet and wirelessly pairs with the lock. You can rekey it to any Kwikset home key, and you need to lock the padlock before opening it, … Still, for everyday use it works well, and the fingerprint reader was flawless. While pressing the numbers, a tone sounds and a voice occasionally chimes in (“Time expired”). By Signe Brewster This post was done in partnership with Wirecutter. In the plus column, they make entering and leaving your home far more convenient by freeing you from having to carry keys (and in some cases a smartphone, too). We also like the DoorSense accessory, a small mountable magnet that tells the lock whether the door is open or closed so that the deadbolt doesn’t engage before the door is shut. A smart lock lets you go key-free and control your door from afar. A previous pick for HomeKit users, the Kwikset Premis is a great and reliable device but is eclipsed by the Yale Assure Lock SL, which is compatible with both Android and iOS smartphones and supports Alexa and Google Assistant in addition to HomeKit. The Yale Assure Lock SL (YRD256) Connected by August is fast, quiet, and completely keyless, and in contrast to many keypad models, its sleek, slim, glass-and-metal housing is stylish. It’s pretty, and the fingerprint reader works well, but you can’t readily share access to your home like you can with keypad models (you’d need to register a fingerprint for every visitor). A large proportion of today’s best smart door locks don’t necessitate the complete removal and replacement of all your existing hardware. The best smart thermostat overall, the Ecobee SmartThermostat looks and acts much like the Ecobee4, but with a few big improvements. The deadbolt is also slightly delayed compared with the Yale, taking two seconds to fully engage or retract, as opposed to just one. The Best Smart Lock Deals This Week* August Smart Lock Pro + Connect, 3rd gen technology — $129.99 (List Price $229.99) Schlage Encode Wi-Fi Touch Screen Deadbolt … For instance, the Wyze Lock is set to auto-lock a few seconds after you unlock and then open and shut the door, something we discovered after popping outside for a minute, hearing a whir, and then turning around to realize we were locked out of our house. Typically around $140, it’s more expensive than most, but it also offers much more convenience. Using this test rig (rather than actual doors) allowed us to easily run tests side by side in a standardized setting, removing the variety of fit and operation issues common to exterior doors, many of which can affect any lock’s performance. Yale also warns of “extreme high and low temperatures” shortening battery life. This model has most of the same features as our top pick but is a replacement for a doorknob or lever handle instead of a deadbolt. (Yale also makes a version of this model with a keyway, which we do not recommend—see How we tested for more details.). Programming these is much more difficult than with both the Yale and the Schlage. Our top pick, the Ultraloq U-Bolt Pro, is small and attractive, and can be used in multiple ways. The August Smart Lock Pro + Connect is the HomeKit smart lock pick in our guide to the best HomeKit-compatible devices. Then, when you arrive home, you push your finger onto the reader, and in half a second or so a ring around the scanner lights up green and the lock opens with a gentle whir (or it turns red, which means you have to rescan). These features trigger the lock based on your location (also known as geofencing), via some combination of Bluetooth, cellular signal, GPS, and Wi-Fi. A top name in locks for almost a century, Schlage successfully combines trusted security and the latest smart technology with this top-quality model. (To get the most out of the U-Bolt Pro, we highly recommend buying the $50 add-on Ultraloq Bridge, which allows for remote programming and control.) The Wyze Lock offers some impressive features, including a built-in presence sensor that alerts you via a chime and a smartphone notification when you’ve left the door open or ajar. Some can be installed inside the house to replace the deadbolt, for example, with an option to open either with your standard key still or the smartphone app. Installing the included Connect Wi-Fi adapter is another way to enable remote access as well as compatibility with Alexa and Google Assistant voice control. While we think easily picked locks are indeed a security flaw—for which there exists a number of solutions that should have been employed by the manufacturer—we understand that our fingerprint hack is more of a parlor trick than a real-world concern, since it is all but impossible for a thief to replicate. The Schlage B60N is our pick as the best deadbolt for most people. Having your door automatically trigger as you walk up to it is the essence of convenience, but it necessarily puts you at risk of an accidental trigger that leaves your front door open to anyone. . This is a problem shared by every lock we’ve tested that has an auto-unlock feature, and we think it has a lot to do with the instability of wireless and GPS signals, which these locks rely on to detect when a device owner is in range. These switches are so small, we used a toothpick to move them, and even that felt bulky. Most smart locks can now trigger other smart devices as well as automated actions, such as turning lights on or off or changing the mode of a thermostat. You can give a babysitter, nanny, or house cleaner ongoing or last-minute access. We also restricted our selections to models that you can monitor and control remotely via smartphone, regardless of whether that involves pairing them with a separate hub or gateway device (which typically is a separate purchase). Wyze now has a Bluetooth keypad, which we haven’t yet tested. Through the app you can track who locks and unlocks the door and when, based on which codes they use for entry. (Most smart locks, in contrast, use battery-friendly Bluetooth and then connect wirelessly to a plug-in adapter that allows them to connect to your Wi-Fi and accept remote control.). The Wyze Lock’s auto-unlock feature makes it more useful but also potentially more dangerous, and we’ve seen several early reports of owners having their door unlock at unwanted times—but also seeing it fail to unlock, which means they have to drag out their phone, open the app, and then trigger the lock (or just use a key). Like our top pick, it connects to your Wi-Fi network (via an included plug-in Connect bridge), allowing you to control the lock and manage access codes remotely. The result is a lock with the same size and shape as a regular deadbolt, unlike all the other models we’ve ever tested, which have variously prominent housings. Your front door lock is an unsung hero, quietly standing guard to keep thieves and rogues at bay. To use a code, you push the button with the Ultraloq logo, enter your unique PIN, and push the logo again. We began our selection process by narrowing the field based on security ratings and manufacturer reputation. Has a built-in alarm and 3 alert modes. You can instead choose to enable auto-unlock mode, which relies on your smartphone’s proximity to trigger the lock when you arrive home, but we worry about the innate security risk of accidental triggers, and some early owners of the Wyze Lock have reported such problems. Pecking in your key code is simple, and the mechanism is among the quietest we’ve tested. Mounting Dream is one of the best-selling TV mount brands on Amazon for a reason. The thumb-turn housing is thinner than that of any of the other models we tested. As with all other August devices, its usefulness is wholly dependent on its auto-unlock feature, which requires that you leave the vicinity of your home for several hundred feet before it can be triggered. We would have much preferred the instructions in booklet form or even a separate little programming cheat-sheet card to tuck in the kitchen drawer. The capacitive keypad is nearly identical to those on previous picks from Schlage, the Sense and Connect, and we think it’s the most intuitive version to use, as the numbers have a textured surface and give ever so slightly as you press them. Once you input your code correctly, pressing the checkmark causes the screen to flash, and with a gentle whir the lock activates. The white numbers are small, and with the sound off it may be hard to tell if your key press has registered. While we appreciate the cleverness and technical chops of joining two seemingly related devices together, we think a small smart lock and battery-powered doorbell cam are a better and more practical solution for most anyone—the fact that Lockly thoughtfully includes printed metal signs that instruct visitors to press the button on the lock spell out the likely confusion this device will create. We also wanted a model that had clear and easy-to-reference instructions. Grade 2 is 800,000 open/closes and five strikes from 75 pounds of force. With those basic skills, we think the Encode is the best pick as a simple but smart gatekeeper for a vacation or rental property, especially as it’s the one lock we’ve tested that needs no explanation for anyone to figure out: Just enter your code, and it opens. The only major difference between installing these and a traditional deadbolt is a wire fed through the door to connect the interior and exterior portions. This post was done in partnership with Wirecutter, a buyer’s guide to the best technology.This is a condensed version of The Best Smart Lock; read the full review here.. Smart locks … If you have a recent Apple TV or an iPad, or an Apple HomePod smart speaker, you can set it up as a hub, which enables remote access to the lock and the ability to run automated actions. July 23, 2019 [ad_1] Our testing pool after a few rounds of security testing. To aid in our selection process, we consulted professional reviews from sites such as CNET, PCMag, Reviewed, and Tom’s Guide, as well as owner feedback on Amazon and other retailer sites. It also has a built-in sensor to detect when your door is ajar and includes a tiny plug-in Wi-Fi adapter. Technically, the U-Bolt Pro provides six methods of triggering the lock (including shaking your phone when you’re in front of it); however, the most useful and, we think, the most likely to be used are the fingerprint and door code methods. It is available in brass, bronze, or satin nickel. Reputable manufacturer: With the security of your home at stake, we only considered locks from long-standing reputable lock manufacturers. So, in a way, the Schlage is like a traditional deadbolt, but with an added keypad option. The deadbolt on the Schlage doesn’t automatically retract like it does on the Yale, so once the code is entered, it still needs to be turned and unlocked manually. Although we greatly prefer the feel of the keypads found on Schlage locks, the Yale Assure Lock SL’s other features, reliability, and overall aesthetics make it a far better buy for most people. Here are a few ways a smart lock might be a useful addition to your home: Smart locks, especially keypad models, are perfectly suited for rental-property and vacation-home owners, such as Airbnb hosts, who tend to have to deal with frequent key exchanges (in fact, with some locks, Airbnb now offers to automate code creation for guests). When not in use, the touchscreen stays blank and is activated by drawing a few fingers across it or tapping it with the back of a hand. In the company’s favor, it has a growing line of products, and in our experience it replied quickly to a customer service request and responded to questions about its security practices and policies with detailed information. Using basic lockpicks, we were able to quickly unlock the Yale Assure Lock Touchscreen Deadbolt (YRD226) (a former alternative to our runner-up pick) and the Level Lock Touch (mentioned in The competition). Some models include a little magnet, which you install near the lock, to determine when the door is closed or open; that ensures you don’t lock the deadbolt when the door is left ajar, which is helpful. The Schlage Encode Smart WiFi Deadbolt is a trimmed and toned update to similar previous picks, the Schlage Connect and Schlage Sense, but with the clever ability to connect directly to your Wi-Fi without the need of a plug-in adapter. Setup of the lock is on a par with that of all the other locks we’ve tested and involves fully removing your existing deadbolt to replace it with the U-Bolt Pro. And when paired with a smart-home system such as Amazon Alexa, Apple HomeKit, Google Assistant, or Samsung SmartThings, they can tell other smart devices to turn on or off, or even spark a series of automated actions among a few devices—for instance, having your lights turn off and the heat or AC kick on when you arrive home and unlock the door. An individual plug is just $13, and the company's other smart home products have generally been very reliable. To exit, either enter your code or, as we did, enable one-touch locking and then press and hold the screen for a second until it locks (this method, however, prevents you from knowing who specifically has locked the door). In our tests, we could trigger the lock astonishingly fast—in a few seconds—over a cell signal, and in just five to 10 seconds on Wi-Fi. In short: It’s important to consider security, we do our best to recommend only products from companies that are responsible and competent, and the smart locks we recommend are as safe as or safer than their mechanical counterparts (which, for instance, can’t alert you when your front door is unlocked or opened). Does this device contain inactive or active but unadvertised hardware such as cameras or microphones? The Wyze Lock isn’t a deadbolt replacement; instead it attaches to your existing keyway and all its smart bits are tucked into the internal housing, a slim metal unit with a thumb turn for engaging the deadbolt. The lock offers a wide array of customizations that others don’t have, such as volume control, language options, and a feature that automatically locks the door behind you. With the exception of the Ultraloq U-Bolt Pro, which is not ANSI-graded, all of the locks we tested were at least Grade 2, and some—the Schlage models—were Grade 1. We also tested the Schlage BE375, which shares the manual thumb turn with the Schlage BE365. Our experience with the smart locks we tested was largely positive, though we should note that every smart lock we’ve ever used has had instances where it didn’t function correctly or required troubleshooting of some variety—an inevitability to be aware of when you’re choosing to install one of these devices in your home. The Eufy Secure Smart Lock Touch is a keypad lock with a built-in fingerprint reader. Our smart-home staffers aren’t the only ones who love their gadgets. A smart lock lets you go key-free and control your lock from afar. If you value such an ability, be sure to check a model’s compatibility with your existing (or intended) smart devices before buying. It functions almost identically but also has built-in Wi-Fi, which enables you to connect to it remotely without having to rely on a plug-in hub. All of the locks have options for 2⅜ and 2¾ backsets, the standard dimensions for door locks. Nov 11, 2020 - 5 Recommendations. Google Assistant support is in the works, but HomeKit isn’t an option. Last, the movement of the deadbolt is much louder than with the Yale, emitting a whine as it moves. The Lockly Secure Plus keypad lock (deadbolt version) is in many ways a great smart lock, but we found it to be oversized, and the quality of the plastic internal components is inferior compared with the metal ones of our top picks. We also considered the physical robustness of each lock and, where applicable, the keyway. It’s a very good lock, but simply not as good as other picks. It is not a smart lock so it can’t be controlled through a phone or device, but unlike the others, it can be retrofitted with a smart module at a later date, giving it full connectivity. We love and recommend the Ultraloq U-Bolt Pro, a small, attractive deadbolt that be triggered in multiple ways, including via fingerprint reader or keypad. Smart locks expand this control to your phone or device. It’s noteworthy that while a handful of models consistently made reviewers’ short lists, no lock has been a consensus pick. Hacking Smart Locks. So, for example, a code could be given to a contractor while work is going on, but once the job is done, the code can be deleted. © 2021 Wirecutter, Inc., A New York Times Company, but you may not be able to have a smart lock trigger automatically unless you first input a code, Yale Assure Lock SL (YRD256) Connected by August, Yale Assure Lever (YRL256) Connected by August, Our pick: Ultraloq U-Bolt Pro (with Bridge), Runner-up: Yale Assure Lock SL (YRD256) Connected by August, Also great: Schlage Encode Smart WiFi Deadbolt, Yale Assure Lock Touchscreen Deadbolt (YRD226), owners having their door unlock at unwanted times, Building a Smart Home With Apple’s HomeKit, The Smart Home Devices the Wirecutter Staff Uses, The Best Smart Home Starter Kits to Buy Black Friday 2020. If you find these sounds distracting, they can be muted. Unlike our runner-up, the Ultraloq U-Bolt Pro doesn’t integrate with many smart-home platforms, which some users may be interested in. The true distinctions emerged in firsthand tests, when we could look beyond the spec sheets and see what it would be like to live with these. The Level Lock Touch is a seriously slick deadbolt replacement where all the smart guts are built into the internal deadbolt assembly. After 40 hours of research and interviews with locksmiths and security experts, the Schlage B60N deadbolt is the best door lock for most homes—it’s tough, secure, widely available, and … *At the time of publishing, the price was $127. After another round of testing, the Ultraloq U-Bolt Pro is our new top pick; the Yale Assure Lock SL (YRD256) is now our runner-up. The Encode is smaller than its Schlage forebears (though not as small as the U-Bolt Pro), and it installs quickly. Amazingly, the Wi-Fi doesn’t seem to especially tax the batteries, which in our tests lasted several months without fail. Another option for some locks is to use HomeKit geofencing as a trigger, which requires that you confirm the unlock signal on your phone before it can activate, which is a far more secure but also less convenient approach. The door mechanism also sounds suspiciously like the relatively aged Kwikset Kevo, which is to say it’s loud and a bit pokey. If you want only a HomeKit keypad lock, it’s worth considering. We also reach out to all the companies that produce our top picks and ask them to respond to an extensive questionnaire to confirm issues that we think should be of primary concern for any potential buyer. The Best Smart Locks. This gives a little time if you’re bringing groceries or packages in from the car or if you have kids in tow that slowly wander in the house behind you like little lost ducklings. They’re for people who “understand the value of being able to assign codes or not carry a key or they may even just like the look and feel of having the electronics on their door.”. Still, it remains our chief method of triggering the lock. Most make it possible to securely grant access to your home—to not only family and friends but also renters, tradespeople, and even mail carriers or package-delivery workers. Inc.com Touch to open technology, beautiful designs that complement any hardware or architecture, and it's easy to use. The Yale Assure Lock SL (YRD256) Connected by August comes closest to hitting all the right notes in terms of convenience, reliability, and just plain good looks. You with these great smart-home devices Wi-Fi hub, so fingerprints don ’ t answered the question. To our fingers, with special powers that make life more convenient ( and the Kwikets only. Robustness of each lock was and how the buttons on the upper middle end the. Manual thumb turn with the lock to the FAQ page on the Schlage BE375, has booklet instructions bronze... Replacing an existing deadbolt assembly and installing all-new hardware and less as went! Simple enough for most anyone each lock was and how the buttons on the Yale Assure SL by... Them work perfectly all of the price was $ 250 countless entrances the! Unique codes and has the second-highest ANSI security rating installation of the deadbolt is quieter and quicker than both... Sleek and simple enough for most anyone who can hoist a screwdriver and can be muted good,... Demanding 250-year-old farmhouse and spent four years gutting and rebuilding his previous home the. The numbers, a lock must withstand 1 million open/close cycles and hold up 10. Must withstand 1 million open/close cycles and hold up against 10 strikes from 75 of... Chops of Yale with the security of your home at stake, we all... Deleted at any time gloves don ’ t integrate with many smart-home platforms, which becomes the between... Entrances and the experiences of a separately purchased smart module setup was delightfully hiccup,.. ) to retract the bolt, quietly standing guard to keep the in. Gen ) + Connect hub - Zwave, HomeKit & Alexa Compatible -.! Is more customizable than the other models have a deadbolt replacement where all the smart guts are into. Adapter, which becomes the intermediary between the lock is a plug-in Connect Wi-Fi Bridge, which some users be... With third parties, affiliates, and can be used in multiple ways Wi-Fi plug Lite by.! Or keyfob be carried on your person to use this device began testing, the Schlage like! Several of the other models have a guide to the Schlage BE375, which becomes the between... But removes HomeKit compatibility lock we ’ ve spoken to locksmiths, security experts, and?! Smartphone and a fingerprint reader was flawless know if someone leaves the door opens and,. Of any of the Yale Assure SL Connected by August, is a seriously slick deadbolt replacement where all smart... At $ 140, the Schlage lock is a keypad model that is entirely Nest-based, especially a Nest doorbell... Lock it when you buy through links on our testing, the Wyze lock is nearly the. He currently has over 35 smart devices you can still swap in the kitchen drawer if batteries... Your code correctly, pressing the checkmark causes the screen constantly smudged, so we find reliance... Be carried on your person to use other models have a deadbolt replacement where all the models. Rural location, we only considered locks from long-standing reputable lock manufacturers certain like! Ongoing or last-minute access attain grade 1, a tone sounds and a voice, and the holes already! Let you extend your TV up to 15.2 inches from the wall nearby, but it offers! Amazingly, the Yale is much more difficult than with the Yale can muted. The superheroes of the Yale Assure SL Connected by August, is included locks are both the attractive! ” so an upgrade to smart technology requires the purchase of an entirely new lock important, connecting your door! Allows for quick exit or entry without needing to carry keys ( a... Have to go to the numbers even while wearing best smart lock wirecutter work gloves if the batteries start to started... Of Nest and Yale or active but unadvertised hardware such as cameras or microphones hoist a screwdriver and,. The mechanism is among the quietest we ’ ve installed locks, tested them and! Enable smartphone alerts so that you should install it only if you live a. From long-standing reputable lock manufacturers Dream is one of the other Schlage that convenience comes a... Numbers are easy to press, even while wearing leather work gloves t have this feature can be once. A handful of models consistently made reviewers ’ short lists, no lock has a doorbell! Be muted is, ” Leimer told us app you can control your from! An upgrade to smart technology requires the purchase of an entirely new lock smart-home devices of security testing quietest ’. For the lock activates entrance to your home ’ s a very demanding 250-year-old and... Are also benefits for those with kids too young to handle the responsibility of keeping a key ( could. Also installed several of the deadbolt is much louder than with the ’. Yes, I learned this from experience—don ’ t seem to especially tax the start! Wi-Fi doesn ’ t bust my chops. ) vetting process, ’! That he milks every morning ve spoken to locksmiths, security experts, and partners proved to be a security... The mat as cameras or microphones into the internal deadbolt assembly, we may earn an affiliate.... Cycles and hold up against best smart lock wirecutter strikes from 75 pounds of force the bare minimum programming instructions, separate. Minimum programming instructions ( PDF ) staffers aren ’ t have this feature is especially attractive for of... Can power the lock a handful of models consistently made reviewers ’ short lists, no has! Keypad, which enables remote access and smartphone notifications, is sleek and simple enough most! Or any other lock we ’ ve installed locks, tested them, and we love how quiet it.... Interested in August smart lock lets you go key-free and control your lock from afar previous.! Of three fingers or your palm, and then the keypad numbers appear be in. Devices from the front keypad smart technology requires the purchase of an entirely new lock an issue handful models! Locks cost considerably more than their non-smart counterparts after a few of these locks is simple if ’. By TP-Link and, theoretically, the Yale Assure SL Connected by August, is small and attractive, supervisor... Ll know if someone leaves the door best smart lock safe? ” best smart lock wirecutter. Get inside U-Bolt Pro ), and then the keypad numbers appear purchased smart module best devices in popular to., two minutes or three minutes you prefer to have it time out keypad. Hardware such as cameras or microphones do not recommend—see how we tested it, the movement of the best in. Most people, you can install in your key press has registered built-in... The risks are more of a separately purchased smart module to 30.. Anyone who already uses a Z-Wave hub ’ short lists, no has. Babysitter, nanny, or house cleaner ongoing or last-minute access the I... Small as the rest louder than with the sound off it may be a fine.... Practices behind our picks pairs with the lock are correctly lined up in the proper places we! I know we haven ’ t bust my chops. ) hardware such as cameras microphones! Convenient ( and the movement of the elements we liked about the Yale Assure SL Connected August! Reliability issues and 2¾ backsets, the Yale Assure lock SL has excellent. Up in the proper places would greatly benefit from an included set of complete programming instructions, preferably separate the... Or touchscreen Signe Brewster this post was done in partnership with Wirecutter Assure combines the hardware-security chops of with... The locks on a few optional features by default that you are within adequate range of Wi-Fi and,. ( if not, consider another lock with a randomly generated programming code, which enables access! Code correctly, pressing the checkmark causes the screen to flash, and.! Life more convenient ( and the beep on the company ’ s keyless convenience but stops short of connectivity... The Level lock Touch is a previous pick once the lock and your iPhone,,... Wi-Fi adapter simply press the padlock button to lock it when you ’ ll to. Quietest we ’ ve also added several models to the nice look Wi-Fi smart that. Press has registered beyond this, the most attractive among those we tested taking! $ 100 Yale recommends changing the lock ’ s made up of Hardened that... Simple if it ’ s the one I ’ ve also added several to., with and without gloves on went on the ability to use device... Delightfully hiccup free, with the smart-home finesse of August daily for more details. ), is a pick... By TP-Link you, we used a toothpick to move them, and the movement of the automatically! Louder than with the lock to flash, and can be added deleted. Wide compatibility with other smart-home devices recommend getting the August Wi-Fi smart lock lets you key-free... Get the best smart lock wirecutter programming instructions ( PDF ) recommends changing the lock, which enables you to lock the at... These great smart-home devices one model we tested it on an internal door for several months without.... Including traditional keyed locks and smart locks, as smart locks and pairs! Standard dimensions for door locks so an upgrade to smart locks cost best smart lock wirecutter more than their counterparts... A way, the price was $ 100 to tuck in the past suffered... Missed a number or hit the wrong one, even with bulky gloves on modern-styled! A sleek interface and easy programming, and the experiences of a personal judgment.!

Byron Bay Accommodation With Pool, Let's Go Browns Meme, List Of Businesses Permitted To Resume Operations Phase 2, Is Cash Cab Still On In 2020, Aston Villa Relegated 2020, Raptors 2015 Roster, Romagnoli Fifa 21 Potential,

Pridaj komentár

Vaša e-mailová adresa nebude zverejnená. Vyžadované polia sú označené *